Image: Du Vernet’s Diary Entry on Jeremiah Johnston (detail), 1898, Paper and ink. From Frederick H. Du Vernet, “Diary of a Missionary Tour,” Anglican Church of Canada General Synod Archives, M81-41.
READING BEYOND THE DIARY:
One Diary, Many Stories
We read many books, articles, and websites in working on Story Nations, but have chosen to keep the citations and quotes in the digital edition to a minimum. We have gathered together the following sources in thematic groupings as suggestions for further reading. If you have suggestions for further reading for us, please contact us.
Writings by people from Manidoo Ziibi
Animikii, Robert Horton. “A Seventh Fire Spark Preparing the Seventh Generation: What are the Education Related Needs and Concerns of Students from Rainy River First Nations?” Master’s Diss., Lakehead University, 2011.
Hunter, Al. Spirit Horses, Kegedonce Press, 2001
Hunter, Al. The Recklessness of Love: Bawajiganan Gaye Ni-Maanedam (Dreams and Regrets), Kegedonce Press, 2008
Hunter, Al. Beautiful Razor: Love Poems & Other Lies, Kegedonce Press, 2011.
Wilson, Maggie, and Sally Cole. Rainy River Lives: Stories Told by Maggie Wilson. Lincoln, NB: University of Nebraska Press, 2009.
Writings focused on Anishinaabe ceremony
Benton-Benai, Edward. The Mishomis Book. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2010.
Borrows, John. Drawing Out Law: A Spirit’s Guide. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2010.
Corbiere, Alan, and Crystal Migwans. “Animikii miinwaa Mishibizhiw: Narrative Images of the Thunderbird and the Underwater Panther.” In Before and after the Horizon: Anishinaabe Artists of the Great Lakes, edited by David W. Penney and Gerald McMaster, 37–50. Washington, DC: National Museum of the American Indian, 2013.
Densmore, Frances. Chippewa Customs. Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1929.
Johnson, Basil. Ojibway Ceremonies. Toronto, McClelland and Stewart, 1982.
Johnson, Basil. The Manitous: The Spiritual World of the Ojibway. New York: Harper Collins Publisher, 1995.
McNally, Michael. Honoring Elders: Aging, Authority, and Ojibwe Religion. New York, Columbia University Press, 2009.
McNally, Michael. Ojibwe Singers: Hymns, Grief, and a Native Culture in Motions. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Simpson, Leanne. “Stories, Dreams, and Ceremonies—Anishinaabe Ways of Learning.” Tribal College 11, no. 4 (2000): 26–29.
Vecsey, Christopher. Traditional Ojibwa Religion and Its Historical Changes. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1983.
Writings focused on Rainy River
Cole, Sally Cooper. “Women’s Stories and Boasian Texts: The Ojibwa Ethnography of Ruth Landes and Maggie Wilson.” Anthropologica 37, no. 1 (1995): 3–25.
Holzkamm, Tim E., Victor P. Lytwyn, and Leo G. Waisberg. “Rainy River Sturgeon: An Ojibway Resource in the Fur Trade Economy.” Canadian Geographer/Le Géographe Canadien 32, no. 3 (1988): 194–205.
Lovisek, Joan A., Tim E. Holzkamm, and Leo G. Waisberg. “Fatal Errors: Ruth Landes and the Creation of the ‘Atomistic Ojibwa’.” Anthropologica 39, no. 1-2 (1997).
Nute, Grace Lee. River Country: A Brief History of the Region Bordering Minnesota and Ontario. St. Paul: The Minnesota Historical Society, 1950.
Waisberg, Leo G., and Tim E. Holzkamm. “‘A Tendency to Discourage Them from Cultivating’: Ojibwa Agriculture and Indian Affairs Administration in Northwestern Ontario.” Ethnohistory 40, no. 2 (1993): 175-211.
Writings focused on Treaties: Their Making and Breaking
Anishinaabe Nation Grand Council Treaty 3. View online.
Anishinaabe Nation Grand Council Treaty #3. “The Creator Placed Us Here”: Timeline of Significant Events of the Anishinaabeg of Treaty #3. Kenora, ON: Anishinaabe Grand Council Treaty #3, October 3, 2013.
Borrows, John. “Wampum at Niagara: The Royal Proclamation, Canadian Legal History, and Self-Government.” In , edited by Michael Asch, 155–72. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1997.
Burrows, Paul P. “‘As She Shall Deem Just’: Treaty 1 and the Ethnic Cleansing of the St. Peter’s Reserve, 1871-1934.” Master’s Diss., University of Manitoba, 2009.
Holzkamm, Tim, & Weissberg, Leo. Agency Indian Reserve IR 1: Selection, Use and Administration. Prepared for Grand Council Treaty 3, 2000.
Daugherty, Wayne E. “Treaty Research Report, Treaty 3 (1873).” Treaties and Historical Research Centre, Self-Government, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada: 1986.
Manore, Jean. “Treaty #3 and the Interactions of Landscape and Memory in the Rainy River and Lake of the Woods Area.” Journal of Canadian Studies/Revue d’études canadiennes 50, no. 1 (2016): 100-128.
King, Thomas. The Inconvenient Indian: A Curious Account of Native People in North America. Toronto: Doubleday Canada, 2013.
Long, John S. Treaty No. 9: Making the Agreement to Share the Land in Far Northern Ontario in 1905. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s Press, 2010.
Mainville, Sara J. “Manidoo Mazina’igan: An Anishinaabe Perspective of Treaty 3.” MA thesis, University of Toronto, 2007.
Other Websites related to Indigenous History
Great Lakes Research Alliance Aboriginal Arts and Culture GRASAC
Waking Up Ojibwe Anishinaabemodaa View online.
Indigenous History Relevant to the Diary
Benn, Carl. Mohawks on the Nile: Natives Among the Canadian Voyageurs in Egypt, 1884-1885. Toronto: Natural Heritage Books, 2009.
Brown, Jennifer S. H., and Elizabeth Vibert, eds. Reading Beyond Words: Contexts for Native History. Peterborough, ON: Broadview Press, 1996.
Bumsted, Michael. “From the Red to the Nile: William Nassau Kennedy and the Manitoba Contingent of Voyageurs in the Gordon Relief Expedition, 1884-1885.” Manitoba History no. 42. (2001-2002). View online.
Carter, Sarah. Lost Harvests: Prairie Indian Reserve Farmers and Government Policy. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1990.
Coutts, Robert, and Flora Beardy. Voices from Hudson Bay: Cree stories from York Factory. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1996.
Coutts, Robert. “York Factory as a Native Community: Public History Research Commemoration and the Challenge to Interpretation.” Prairie Forum 17, no 2 (1992): 275-94.
Michel, Anthony P. “To Represent the Country in Egypt: Aboriginality, Britishness, Anglophone Canadian Identities, and the Nile Voyageur Contingent, 1884-1885,” Histoire Sociale / Social History 39, no. 77 (2006) 45-77. View online.
Smith, Keith D. Strange Visitors: Documents in Indigenous-Settler Relations in Canada from 1876. Toronto: Toronto University Press, 2014.
Writings focused on missionaries and the Anishinaabe (Ojibwe) and Nehiyaw (Cree)
Densmore, Frances. “A Minnesota Missionary Journey of 1893.” Minnesota History 20, no. 3 (1939): 310–313.
Brown, Jennifer S. H. 1987. “‘I Wish to Be as I See You’: An Ojibwa-Methodist Encounter in Fur Trade Country, Rainy Lake, 1854-1855.” Arctic Anthropology 24 (1): 19–31.
Klassen, Pamela E. “Christianity as a polemical concept.” In A Companion to the Anthropology of Religion, edited by Janice Patricia Boddy and Michael Lambek, 344–362. West Sussex: Wiley, 2013.
Klassen, Pamela E. The Story of Radio Mind: A Missionary’s Journey on Indigenous Land. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2018.
Wheeler, Winona. “The Journals and Voices of a Church of England Native Catechist: Askenootow (Charles Pratt), 1851–1884.” In Reading Beyond Words: Contexts for Native History, edited by Jennifer S. H. Brown and Elizabeth Vibert. 237–61 Peterborough, ON: Broadview Press, 2003.
Archaeological writings about the Manitou Mounds
Kenyon, Walter Andrew. Mounds of Sacred Earth: Burial Mounds of Ontario. Toronto: Royal Ontario Museum, 1986.
Williams, David Arthurs. “The Long Sault Site: Cultural Dynamics in the Rainy River Valley of Northwestern Ontario.” Master of Arts Diss., University of Manitoba, 1982.
Local Settler History
Clink, June. Between the Ripples–Stories of Chapple. Chapple Heritage Committee, 1997.
Emo Historical Committee. The River of Time: A History of Emo. Emo, ON: Emo Historical Committee, 1978.
Indian Affairs Reports
Note: These reports were brief annual summaries of every reserve written by Indian Agents. They are revealing colonial, often derogatory, documents, that focus in particular on agricultural production, school attendance, and religious affiliation. For our purposes, these reports were sometimes helpful for providing the Anishinaabe name of people mentioned in the diary.
Dominion of Canada, M. Begg, Indian Agent, Coutcheeching Agency. “Annual Report of the Department of Indian Affairs for the Year Ended June 30, 1897.” Ottawa: Department of Indian Affairs, 1897.
Dominion of Canada, M. Begg, Indian Agent, Coutcheeching Agency. “Annual Report of the Department of Indian Affairs for the Year Ended June 30, 1898.” Ottawa: Department of Indian Affairs, 1898.
Government of Canada. “Dominion of Canada Annual Report of the Department of Indian Affairs for the Year Ended 30th June 1898.” Printed by Order of Parliament, Ottawa Printed by S.E. Dawson, Printer to the Queen’s Most Excellent Majesty, 1899.
Fort Frances Times and Rainy Lake Herald. “Robert John Nicholson Pither.” 1972. View online.
Smith, Donald B. “Sanders, John.” In Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 13. Toronto: University of Toronto Press,1994. View online.